FX trading, also known as foreign exchange trading, enables businesses to convert from one currency to another, thereby helping them in international trade. It also allows speculators to compare the relative strengths of different currencies and helps them in buying and selling currencies. The one which is going to be strengthened is bought against the one which they believe is going to fall or weaken. Forex trading also enables them to earn profit against the appreciation of a currency.
The main traders of foreign exchange are banks, financial institutions, corporations, central banks, speculators, and government. Investment management companies are also one of the major participants in the foreign exchange market as they manage funds of a large customer database. Various studies show that forex trading has increased by almost 45 percent due to the investment of hedge funds and pension funds by banks and financial institutions.
The other main reason of increase in the popularity of forex in recent times is its high liquidity. There is a notable increase in the number of people who are trading FX as it may involve high returns on initial investment. But, in the present day economy, especially when the market is so volatile, buyers and sellers are quite apprehensive and wonder whether it is the right time to invest in foreign exchange.
FX trading is considered to be a better way to secure higher and faster returns on the initial outlay. It always involves some amount of risk, irrespective of market conditions, and it can prove to be very dicey in volatile times as it results in frequent highs and lows. On the one hand, high volatility allows speculators to maximize their profits by offering them a power to take more risk; on the other hand, it is very uncertain and unpredictable for those who don't have sufficient knowledge of the market.
In order to get the maximum advantage of volatility in FX, one should be able to carefully choose the time of trading as it plays a critical role. The time when volatility is at its peak, the prices of currencies move very fast and this is the time when one can make or break. Individuals who are just beginners or new to FX trading can seek help from forex trading companies, or can appoint a professional broker. With their help, it is possible to trade profitably.
Moreover, the type of transaction also plays a vital role in deciding the amount of profit or loss in forex trading. A "spot" is a two-day delivery transaction between two currencies, which does not involve any contract but cash. It has the shortest time frame and can be considered as an option during volatile times. In a "forward" transaction, buyers and sellers do not actually exchange currency but decide the exchange rate of currencies for a particular date in the future. The transaction occurs on the decided date, irrespective of the market situation at that time. This may prove a little dicey as FX is totally uncertain and unpredictable. It is wise to avoid such transaction when the market is experiencing a high rate of volatility.
"Future" is another transaction type where transaction occurs in the future on a mutually decided date and involves interest. "Swap" is an option where both the parties agree to exchange the currencies for a particular time period and is reversed after a certain length of time. It is necessary to choose the available options carefully to get the maximum advantage of investing money in foreign exchange.
Though FX trading is risky in volatile times, proper understanding of the foreign exchange market and the options available to exchange currencies help you potentially earn huge profits even in adverse situations.